The most prevalent theory regarding the origin of the name ‘Jabalpur’ is that the city is named after sage Jabali, who is believed to have meditated on thee banks of the Narmada. Other have variously derived the name from The Arabic word jabal(granite boulders),referring to the rocky landscape Jauli Pattala (a sub-divisional unit), mentioned in kalchuri king karna.
The British name for Jabalpur was variation only in terms of spelling they spelt it ‘Jubbulpore’.
However, even this minor deviation became an issue in 1937 between the Commissioner of Jabbulpore, Mr. Greenfield, and the Deputy Commissioner, Mr. Grigson. The latter considered the ten letters in the word ‘Jubbulpore’ inordinately time consuming and preferred ‘Jabalpur’; while the Commissioner, prompted by more practical considerations such as the use of the name in stamps and railway tickets, thought the change utterly inadvisable.
Eventually, the two came to a unique compromise: each was free to use the spellings he preferred and the other would recognize it (M.C.Choubey in Jabalpur: The Past Revisited) .
In ancient times, the settlement here was known as Tripuri (modern Tewar, 12 kms from Jabalpur). Legend has it that Tripuri was the capital of three asuras – Tarakasura, Maya and Vidunmali, who were defeated by Shiva. There are numerous references to Tripuri in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. In the ancient times, it was an important town, lying on the routes that connected Kaushambi, Vidisha, Mahishamati and Ujjayni. The site was first discovered by Lt Col Yule of the Bengal Engineers in 1860-61.
Tripuri was part of the Chedi Kingdom (one of the 16 Mahajanapadas) in 6th century BC. Then it came under Mauryan rule, as is shown by the discovery of and Ashokan rock edict at Rupnath (82 kms from Jabalpur), dated to 272 BC. The fall of the Mauryan empire in 2nd century BC resulted in the formation of the republican city-state of Tripuri. In 1st century BC, it was captured by the Satavahanas. Their reign was followed by the rule of the local dynasties of the Bodhis and the Senas, who were finally uprooted by Parivrajaka Maharajas, feudatories of the Gupta in 4th century AD. In 7th century AD, the Haihaya Kalachuri kingdom was founded by Vamaraja, with its capital at Tripuri.
The greatest king of this dynasty was Lakshmikarna, In 1055, at the height of his powers, he controlled all of central India. He even declared himself Chakravrtin. The Jain poet Kanakamara wrote 'When the Kalachuri king (Lakshmikarnal) move his brigade in war, the primordial tortoise start moving. Because of the movement of the turtle, the earth also moves, so much so that movement in war' the mountain Sumeru also trembles. The heavenly Gods become unsteady. However, the Kalachuri kingdom began to decline soon afterwards, and in 13th century, it was conquered by the Gonds. The founder of the Gond dynasty who ruled over the Garhamandala kingdom, with Jabalpur as its capital, was yadava Rai. Jabalpur Through the ages 3rd century BC Part of the Maurya kingdom. 1st century Republic city-state of Tripuri is established, and later captured by the Satvahanas 7th century AD Part of Haihaya kingdom.
13th century Gond kingdom is established
1510-1543 Reign of Sangram Shah, the greatest Gond king
1550-1564 Reign of Rani Durgavati
1564 Battle of Narrai between Rani Durgavati and Mughal forces led by Asaf Khan
1789 The region comes under Maratha control
1798 The territory is given by the peshwa to Bhonsles of Nagpur
1817 Battle of Sitabaldi; British capture the region
1857 52nd Native Infantry leaves their station
1923 The Flag Satyagraha
1939 Tripuri session of the India National Congress
1947 India becomes independent; Jabalpur becomes part of the state of Madhya Bharat
1956 Jabalpur were included in the newly created state of Madhya Pradesh.
Best time to visit:
November-May is the best months to visit this place. The summers are quite moderate here with temperatures reaching up to 30-34 degrees Celcius, while the winters are relatively more pleasant and cooler with temperatures dropping down to 10 degrees Celcius at nights. The monsoon experiences heavy rainfalls (June 15 - October 15) and the Marble Rocks are also shut during that time, which means a trip to Bhedaghat will certainly not be a fruitful one.